Surface Staining & FOXP3 Buffer Preparation:
Centrifugation steps: perform at 250Xg for 5min
Incubation steps: perform at room temperature
1. Perform cell surface staining if necessary.
2. Prepare 1X buffer solutions of FOXP3 Fix/Perm buffer and FOXP3 Perm buffer in PBS.
NOTE: The FOXP3 Perm buffer (10X) may have crystalization or precipitation observed when it is stored at 2-8°C, however, it is normal and does not affect the buffer performance. If there is a heavy precipitation observed after diluting to 1X working solution, it may be clarified by filtering.
Caution: The FOXP3 Fix/Perm buffer contains paraformaldehyde, which is toxigenic and mutagenic. Please handle with caution and wear gloves, lab coat and necessary protection to avoid direct body contact.
FOXP3 Intracellular Staining Procedures:
3. Add 1 ml of 1X FOXP3 Fix/Perm solution to each tube, resuspend the cells (gentle vortex) and incubate at room temperature in the dark for 20 minutes, then centrifuge and remove the supernatant. The cell pellet will now be translucent and difficult to see; take care not to dislodge and accidentally aspirate cells at all later stages of staining protocol.
4. Wash: resuspend cells in cell staining buffer; centrifuge, then discard the supernatant.
5. Wash: resuspend in 1ml 1X FOXP3 Perm buffer; centrifuge, then discard the supernatant.
6. Resuspend cells in 1ml 1X FOXP3 Perm buffer, incubate in the dark for 15 minutes; centrifuge, then discard the supernatant. Resuspend the pellet in 100 µl of 1X FOXP3 Perm buffer.
7. Add appropriate amount of fluorochrome conjugated anti-FOXP3 antibody and incubate at room temperature in the dark for 30 minutes.
8. Wash twice with cell staining buffer (see step 4) then resuspend in 0.5 ml cell staining buffer. Analyze with flow cytometer using appropriate instrument settings.
NOTE: FOXP3 Fix/Perm buffer set is specifically developed and formulated for intracellular staining FOXP3 with minimum effect on surface fluorochrome staining and is highly recommended for optimal result of FOXP3 intracellular immunofluorescence staining.